No, this is something so much bigger, for four reasons.
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First, we are in a war against a radical, violent stream of Islam that is fueled and funded by our own energy purchases. We are financing both sides in the war on terrorism: the U. Army with our tax dollars, and Islamist charities, madrasas and terrorist organizations through our oil purchases. Second, the world has gotten flat, and three billion new players from India, China and the former Soviet Union just walked onto the field with their version of the American dream: a house, a car, a toaster and a refrigerator.
If we don't quickly move to renewable alternatives to fossil fuels, we will warm up, smoke up and choke up this planet far faster than at any time in the history of the world. Katrina will look like a day at the beach. View all New York Times newsletters.
Third, because of the above, green energy-saving technologies and designs -- for cars, planes, homes, appliances or office buildings -- will be one of the biggest industries of the 21st century. Tell your kids. China is already rushing down this path because it can't breathe and can't grow if it doesn't reduce its energy consumption. Will we dominate the green industry, or will we all be driving cars from China, Japan and Europe? Finally, if we continue to depend on oil, we are going to undermine the whole democratic trend that was unleashed by the fall of the Berlin Wall.
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It will be a black tide that turns back the democratic wave everywhere, including in Iraq. Because if consumers know that the price of oil is never coming down, they will change their behavior. And when consumers change their behavior in a big way, G. The more Detroit goes green, the faster it will be propelled down the innovation curve, making it more likely that Detroit -- and not Toyota or Honda or the Chinese -- will dominate the green technologies of the 21st century.
The Sputnik Challenge
A permanent gasoline tax will also make solar, wind and biofuels so competitive with oil that it will drive their innovations as well. At the time, Ike was attacked from the left and the right, and since his retirement liberals and conservatives both have serially attacked or applauded this or that element of his legacy, be it his devotion to limited government and balanced budgets or suspicion of the military-industrial complex.
But almost all historians have tended to agree that the Eisenhower years were a time when our nation's mood, at least, was placid, optimistic, and self-confident, thanks in part to Ike's avuncular style and surpassing prestige. Now Robert Divine reminds us that during his last three years in the White House Eisenhower presided over a confused and frightened electorate.
Shocked by the Soviets' launch of Sputnik--the first artificial earth satellite on October 4, , Americans turned to Eisenhower for reassurance, as if he were expected to play "national shrink. Upon receiving this book for review I decided to punch up the author's name on the Penn library's computer, just to see how large his oeuvre has grown. The answer is sixteen books written or edited by Robert Divine and covering topics ranging from isolationism in the s to the U.
In every case Divine probes the connections between the foreign and domestic policies of the presidents, and in almost every case his highly readable books are as useful in undergraduate lectures as in advanced seminars.
Sputnik and the Space Race | Eisenhower Presidential Library
That is because one can count on Divine to be empirical, accurate, politically even-handed, and immune from methodological and ideological fads. Eyeing the library list I realized that I have assigned no less than seven of his books to my own classes. They cheered Sputnik as a milestone for their professions and a historic juncture for humankind.
Closing the door on millennia of earth-bound star gazing, Sputnik heralded a new epoch of cosmic exploration and even human settlement of other worlds. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content.
Advertisement Hide. Rising to the Sputnik Challenge. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Google Scholar. Dee, , Robert V. Knopf, ; Google Scholar.
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